War in the Pacific was won months before Franklin Roosevelt’s April 12, 1945 death.

He declined to accept the Japanese offer of surrender. So did Harry Truman when he became president.

War continued for months unnecessarily, countless more casualties inflicted, mainly Japanese civilians – notably from fire-bombing Toyko in March 1945, an estimated 100,000 perishing in the firestorm, many more injured, over a million left homeless.

Around the same time, five dozen other Japanese cities were fire-bombed. Most structures in the country were wooden and easily consumed.

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